document indexing

Schema des Realkatalogs der Königlichen Universitätsbibliothek zu Halle a.S.

"Ich bin der Meinung-, dass jeder Realkatalog einer Bibliothek ein, so zu sagen, individuelles d. h. ein nur für eine bestimmte Bibliothek ausgearbeites Werk sein soll, und dass nur gewisse Grundeintheilungen in der Anlage von Realkatalogen für Bibliotheken, die Werke aus allen Disciplinen enthalten, gemeinsame sein können. Jede Bibliothek, namentlich jede Universitätsbibliothek hat ihr besonderes Gepräge, das ihr die Geschichte der Sammlung aufgedrückt hat. In der einen ist dieses Fach besonders stark vertreten, in der andern jenes.

Język haseł przedmiotowych Biblioteki Narodowej

"JHP BN zawiera słownictwo, które umożliwia budowę haseł adekwatnie charakteryzujących treść i formę dokumentów gromadzonych w bibliotekach. Każdy byt, obiekt, pojęcie, zjawisko, które posiada własną nazwę i jest zdefiniowane w wiarygodnych źródłach informacji, powinno być wyrażone odpowiednim tematem. Na słownictwo JHP BN składają się tematy i określniki."

Garside Classification

"The Garside Classification Scheme is one of those used in the libraries of UCL. It was devised by Kenneth Garside while he was deputy librarian there. Intellectually, it was based on the close relationship between the library and the teaching departments. The library at UCL rejected the major published classification schemes because 'none of them would generally acceptable to the teaching departments without such major modifications as would have destroyed its essential character.' Instead, it was modeled around the 'subject reading rooms' into which the collection had been divided.

한국십진분류법

한국십진분류법(韓國十進分類法, KDC: Korean Decimal Classification)은 대한민국의 대표적인 도서분류체계이다. 듀이십진분류법(DDC: Dewey Universal Decimal Classification)을 비롯한 서구의 분류법을 바탕으로 한국도서관협회 분류위원회에서 간행하고 있으며, 한국의 정보환경에 맞도록 주류의 배열이나 조기표의 추가, 본표 항목의 조정이 이루어졌다.

KDC는 DDC와 유사하게 모든 지식 분야를 총류(0), 철학(1), 종교(2), 사회과학(3), 자연과학(4), 기술과학(5), 예술(6), 언어(7), 문학(8), 역사(9)와 같이 10개의 주류(主類: section)로 1차적으로 구분한 다음, 각 주류를 다시 10개로 나누어 강목(綱目:division)으로 구분한다. 이 중 총류에는 여러 주제를 포괄하거나 특정 주제로 분류하기 어려운 것들이 속하며, 백과사전, 사전(辭典), 전집, 총서 등이 여기에 분류된다.

"The Korean decimal classification (KDC) is a system of library classification used in South Korea. The main classes are the same as in the Dewey Decimal Classification but these are in a different order: Natural sciences 400; Technology and engineering 500; Arts 600; Language 700."

Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms

"The Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT) is a thesaurus that describes what a work is versus what it is about. For instance, the subject heading Horror films, with appropriate subdivisions, would be assigned to a book about horror films. A cataloger assigning headings to the movie The Texas Chainsaw Massacre would also use Horror films, but it would be a genre/form term since the movie is a horror film, not a movie about horror films.

Library of Congress Children's Subject Headings

"The Library of Congress Subject Headings Supplemental Vocabularies: Children’s Headings (LCSHAC) is a thesaurus which is used in conjunction with LCSH. It is not a self-contained vocabulary, but is instead designed to complement LCSH and provide tailored subject access to children and young adults when LCSH does not provide suitable terminology, form, or scope for children. LCSHAC records can be identified by the LCCN prefix 'sj'."

Library of Congress Name Authority File

"The Library of Congress Name Authority File (NAF) file provides authoritative data for names of persons, organizations, events, places, and titles. Its purpose is the identification of these entities and, through the use of such controlled vocabulary, to provide uniform access to bibliographic resources. Names descriptions also provide access to a controlled form of name through references from unused forms, e.g.

Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie

"Bei den Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie handelt es sich um eine grobe fachliche Gliederung mit ca. 100 Klassen, die auf der Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation (DDC 23) basieren. Sie werden seit 2004 für die Reihen A, B, C, H, O und den Neuerscheinungsdienst der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie verwendet. Die Reihen M (Musikalien) und T (Musiktonträgerverzeichnis) folgen ebenfalls der Gliederung nach DDC; die Sachgruppe 780 Musik wird dabei DDC-gemäß in weitere Unterklassen aufgeteilt.

"The German National Library carries out subject cataloguing using a tiered model and various methods (classificatory cataloguing and subject indexing) and different processes (manual cataloguing by expert staff and automatic cataloguing). Subject cataloguing at the German National Library includes the re-use of data form other providers. The process is continually being developed in a wide range of different projects.

Plan de classement de la Bpi

"Le plan de classement propre à la Bpi est en effet librement inspiré de la CDU (Classification Décimale Universelle) : ce système, utilisé dans de nombreuses bibliothèques dans le monde, donne une représentation de l'ensemble des connaissances humaines en dix grandes classes, comptant chacune dix subdivisions, qu’on peut encore développer en dix parties et ainsi de suite. Les divers signes et règles de syntaxe utilisés dans sa notation rendent la CDU complexe et difficile d'usage aux non spécialistes.

Pages