document indexing

Język haseł przedmiotowych Biblioteki Narodowej

"JHP BN zawiera słownictwo, które umożliwia budowę haseł adekwatnie charakteryzujących treść i formę dokumentów gromadzonych w bibliotekach. Każdy byt, obiekt, pojęcie, zjawisko, które posiada własną nazwę i jest zdefiniowane w wiarygodnych źródłach informacji, powinno być wyrażone odpowiednim tematem. Na słownictwo JHP BN składają się tematy i określniki."

Garside Classification

"The Garside Classification Scheme is one of those used in the libraries of UCL. It was devised by Kenneth Garside while he was deputy librarian there. Intellectually, it was based on the close relationship between the library and the teaching departments. The library at UCL rejected the major published classification schemes because 'none of them would generally acceptable to the teaching departments without such major modifications as would have destroyed its essential character.' Instead, it was modeled around the 'subject reading rooms' into which the collection had been divided.

한국십진분류법

"한국십진분류법(韓國十進分類法, KDC: Korean Decimal Classification)은 한국도서관협회에서 듀이십진분류법(DDC: Dewey Universal Decimal Classification)의 주류를 바탕으로 일본십진분류법(NDC)의 용어를 가져다 한국 실정에 맞게 변형한 자료분류법이다.
모든 지식 분야를 총류(0), 철학(1), 종교(2), 사회과학(3), 자연과학(4), 기술과학(5), 예술(6), 언어(7), 문학(8), 역사(9) 따위 열 가지 주류(主類: section)로 가르고, 각 주류마다 다시 10가지로 나누어 강목(綱目:division)으로 구분한다. 총류에는 여러 주제를 포괄하거나 특정 주제로 분류하기 어려운 것들이 속하여, 백과사전, 사전(辭典), 전집, 총서 등이 여기에 분류된다."

"The Korean decimal classification (KDC) is a system of library classification used in South Korea. The main classes are the same as in the Dewey Decimal Classification but these are in a different order: Natural sciences 400; Technology and engineering 500; Arts 600; Language 700."

Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms

"The Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT) is a thesaurus that describes what a work is versus what it is about. For instance, the subject heading Horror films, with appropriate subdivisions, would be assigned to a book about horror films. A cataloger assigning headings to the movie The Texas Chainsaw Massacre would also use Horror films, but it would be a genre/form term since the movie is a horror film, not a movie about horror films.

"The Library of Congress Genre/Form Terms for Library and Archival Materials (LCGFT) is a thesaurus that describes what a work is versus what it is about. For instance, the subject heading Horror films, with appropriate subdivisions, would be assigned to a book about horror films. A cataloger assigning headings to the movie The Texas Chainsaw Massacre would also use Horror films, but it would be a genre/form term since the movie is a horror film, not a movie about horror films.

Library of Congress Children's Subject Headings

"The Library of Congress Subject Headings Supplemental Vocabularies: Children’s Headings (LCSHAC) is a thesaurus which is used in conjunction with LCSH. It is not a self-contained vocabulary, but is instead designed to complement LCSH and provide tailored subject access to children and young adults when LCSH does not provide suitable terminology, form, or scope for children. LCSHAC records can be identified by the LCCN prefix 'sj'."

"The Library of Congress Subject Headings Supplemental Vocabularies: Children’s Headings (LCSHAC) is a thesaurus which is used in conjunction with LCSH. It is not a self-contained vocabulary, but is instead designed to complement LCSH and provide tailored subject access to children and young adults when LCSH does not provide suitable terminology, form, or scope for children. LCSHAC records can be identified by the LCCN prefix 'sj'."

Library of Congress Name Authority File

"The Library of Congress Name Authority File (NAF) file provides authoritative data for names of persons, organizations, events, places, and titles. Its purpose is the identification of these entities and, through the use of such controlled vocabulary, to provide uniform access to bibliographic resources. Names descriptions also provide access to a controlled form of name through references from unused forms, e.g.

"The Library of Congress Name Authority File (NAF) file provides authoritative data for names of persons, organizations, events, places, and titles. Its purpose is the identification of these entities and, through the use of such controlled vocabulary, to provide uniform access to bibliographic resources. Names descriptions also provide access to a controlled form of name through references from unused forms, e.g.

Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie

"Bei den Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie handelt es sich um eine grobe fachliche Gliederung mit ca. 100 Klassen, die auf der Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation (DDC 23) basieren. Sie werden seit 2004 für die Reihen A, B, C, H, O und den Neuerscheinungsdienst der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie verwendet. Die Reihen M (Musikalien) und T (Musiktonträgerverzeichnis) folgen ebenfalls der Gliederung nach DDC; die Sachgruppe 780 Musik wird dabei DDC-gemäß in weitere Unterklassen aufgeteilt.

"The German National Library carries out subject cataloguing using a tiered model and various methods (classificatory cataloguing and subject indexing) and different processes (manual cataloguing by expert staff and automatic cataloguing). Subject cataloguing at the German National Library includes the re-use of data form other providers. The process is continually being developed in a wide range of different projects.

Plan de classement de la Bpi

"Le plan de classement propre à la Bpi est en effet librement inspiré de la CDU (Classification Décimale Universelle) : ce système, utilisé dans de nombreuses bibliothèques dans le monde, donne une représentation de l'ensemble des connaissances humaines en dix grandes classes, comptant chacune dix subdivisions, qu’on peut encore développer en dix parties et ainsi de suite. Les divers signes et règles de syntaxe utilisés dans sa notation rendent la CDU complexe et difficile d'usage aux non spécialistes.

London Library Classification Scheme

"The London Library has a unique and rather unorthodox classification scheme. Described as 'unusual but serviceable' by Alan Bell (Librarian of the London Library from 1993 to 2001), its application and maintenance are both a joy and a challenge. The scheme was devised by Sir Charles Theodore Hagberg Wright (1862-1940), Librarian of the London Library from 1893 until his death. (...): it was created on the principle of literary warrant, that is, it was designed around the books the Library held at the time.

"The London Library has a unique and rather unorthodox classification scheme. Described as 'unusual but serviceable' by Alan Bell (Librarian of the London Library from 1993 to 2001), its application and maintenance are both a joy and a challenge. The scheme was devised by Sir Charles Theodore Hagberg Wright (1862-1940), Librarian of the London Library from 1893 until his death. (...): it was created on the principle of literary warrant, that is, it was designed around the books the Library held at the time.

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