025 Operations of libraries, archives, information centers


日本十進分類法(にほんじっしんぶんるいほう、Nippon Decimal Classification; NDC)は、日本の図書館で広く使われている図書分類法である。最新版は新訂10版(2014年12月発行)[2]。もり・きよし(森清)原編、日本図書館協会分類委員会改訂。

The Nippon Decimal Classification (NDC) or Nippon Decimal System (NDC) is a library classification based on the Dewey Decimal System. NDC was developed for mainly Japanese books and is maintained by the Japan Library Association since 1956.

Klassifikationssystem der Bibliothek

"Innerhalb der verschiedenen Hauptkategorien werden die Werke laut einem Systematikplan der Sachgebiete unterteilt. Eine abgekürzte Kopie dieses Systematikplans ist an diesem Dokument geklammert. Eine Referenzkopie befindet sich auch in der ganzen Bibliothek, am Anfang von jedem Regal.

"Within the various main categories, the works are divided according to a systematic plan of the subject areas, an abbreviated copy of this systematic plan is stuck to this document, and a reference copy is also found throughout the library, at the beginning of each shelf.

The same system according to subject areas (1 - 99) is used:
- for the main category A
- for all country groups of the main category B
- for all national legal orders of the main category C
- for the works of main category E, with differences for Islamic law (EC)

Garside Classification

"The Garside Classification Scheme is one of those used in the libraries of UCL. It was devised by Kenneth Garside while he was deputy librarian there. Intellectually, it was based on the close relationship between the library and the teaching departments. The library at UCL rejected the major published classification schemes because 'none of them would generally acceptable to the teaching departments without such major modifications as would have destroyed its essential character.' Instead, it was modeled around the 'subject reading rooms' into which the collection had been divided.


"한국십진분류법(韓國十進分類法, KDC: Korean Decimal Classification)은 한국도서관협회에서 듀이십진분류법(DDC: Dewey Universal Decimal Classification)의 주류를 바탕으로 일본십진분류법(NDC)의 용어를 가져다 한국 실정에 맞게 변형한 자료분류법이다.
모든 지식 분야를 총류(0), 철학(1), 종교(2), 사회과학(3), 자연과학(4), 기술과학(5), 예술(6), 언어(7), 문학(8), 역사(9) 따위 열 가지 주류(主類: section)로 가르고, 각 주류마다 다시 10가지로 나누어 강목(綱目:division)으로 구분한다. 총류에는 여러 주제를 포괄하거나 특정 주제로 분류하기 어려운 것들이 속하여, 백과사전, 사전(辭典), 전집, 총서 등이 여기에 분류된다."

"The Korean decimal classification (KDC) is a system of library classification used in South Korea. The main classes are the same as in the Dewey Decimal Classification but these are in a different order: Natural sciences 400; Technology and engineering 500; Arts 600; Language 700."

Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie

"Bei den Sachgruppen der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie handelt es sich um eine grobe fachliche Gliederung mit ca. 100 Klassen, die auf der Dewey-Dezimalklassifikation (DDC 23) basieren. Sie werden seit 2004 für die Reihen A, B, C, H, O und den Neuerscheinungsdienst der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie verwendet. Die Reihen M (Musikalien) und T (Musiktonträgerverzeichnis) folgen ebenfalls der Gliederung nach DDC; die Sachgruppe 780 Musik wird dabei DDC-gemäß in weitere Unterklassen aufgeteilt.

"The German National Library carries out subject cataloguing using a tiered model and various methods (classificatory cataloguing and subject indexing) and different processes (manual cataloguing by expert staff and automatic cataloguing). Subject cataloguing at the German National Library includes the re-use of data form other providers. The process is continually being developed in a wide range of different projects.


"Metatietosanasto on aineistojen kuvailussa tarvittavien termien ja ilmausten kokonaisuus, joka sisältää sekä ISBD-kuvailusääntöjen että RDA-kuvailuohjeiden mukaista terminologiaa. Sanaston käyttö vakiinnuttaa kuvailevan metatiedon tuottamista ja yhtenäistää kuvailua tiedonhaun tuloksellisuuden edistämiseksi.
Metatietosanaston rakenteellinen hierarkia perustuu FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Description) -käsitemallin mukaisiin kategorioihin: teos, ekspressio, manifestaatio, kappale, henkilö, yhteisö, suku sekä niiden väliset suhteet.

"Metadata Dictionary is a terms and expressions necessary for the description data entity that includes both ISBD-item rules and the terminology of the RDA item's instructions. Stabilize the production of use of the vocabulary describing the meta information and unify the description is to promote the retrieval performance.
Metadata Vocabulary is based on the structural hierarchy of categories in accordance with FRBR (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Description)
The term refers to work independently on the cognitive or artistic content.

Vocabulary Of Attribution and Governance

"VOAG stands for 'Vocabulary Of Attribution and Governance'. The ontology is intended to specify licensing, attribution, provenance and governance of an ontology. VOAG captures many common license types and their restrictions. Where a license requires attribution, VOAG provides resources that allow the attribution should be made. Provenance is defined in terms of source and pedigree. A miminal model of governance is provided based on how issues, releases and changes are managed.