cancer

TNM Classification of Malignant Tumors

"The classification of cancer by anatomic disease extent, i.e. stage, is the major determinant of appropriate treatment and prognosis. Stage is an increasingly important component of cancer surveillance and cancer control and an endpoint for the evaluation of the population-based screening and early detection efforts. The UICC has published the UICC TNM classification of malignant tumours for over 50 years. The UICC TNM classification is the internationally accepted standard for cancer staging.

Hierarchical Decimal Classification of Information Related to Cancer Research

"The classification may be used (1) to identify cancer research efforts supported by NCI in selected areas of research (at any general or specific level desired), (2) to store information related to cancer research and retrieve this information on request, and (3) to match interests of cancer research scientists against information in published articles so that scientists can receive copies of articles specifically related to their research (Selective Dissemination).

Cancer Biochemistry and Host-Tumor Interactions: A Decimal Classification

"This is a hierarchical decimal classification of information related to cancer biochemistry, to host-tumor interactions (including cancer immunology), and to occurrence of cancer in special types of animals and plants. It is a working draft of categories taken from an extensive classification of many fields of biomedical information. Because the classification identifies very small areas of cancer information, it can be used for precise matching of cancer researchers with useful documents or data in information systems, and for detailed analysis of large cancer research programs."

Cancer Etiology and Selected Aspects of Cancer Pathology: A Decimal Classification

"This is a hierarchical decimal classification of information related to various types of carcinogenesis (Chemical, viral, hormonal, radiation), cancer demography, and selected descriptive and 'in vitro' aspects of cancer pathology. It is a working draft of categories taken from an extensive classification of many fields of biomedical information.

WHO Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System

"A possibility of systematisation of cns-tumours is the distinction regarding the cellular origin, the cell composition and growth behavior, on which the classification of the World Health Organization (WHO) is based. The latest version dates from 2007, which established - compared to previous versions - mostly a precise adjustment of the diagnosis and which is only in some cases a complete makeover.

National Cancer Institute Thesaurus

"The NCI Thesaurus is a reference terminology and biomedical ontology used in a growing number of NCI and other systems. It covers vocabulary for clinical care, translational and basic research, and public information and administrative activities. The NCI Thesaurus provides definitions, synonyms, and other information on nearly 10,000 cancers and related diseases, 8,000 single agents and combination therapies, and a wide range of other topics related to cancer and biomedical research.

NanoParticle Ontology for Cancer Nanotechnology Research

"Data generated from cancer nanotechnology research are so diverse and large in volume that it is difficult to share and efficiently use them without informatics tools. In particular, ontologies that provide a unifying knowledge framework for annotating the data are required to facilitate the semantic integration, knowledge-based searching, unambiguous interpretation, mining and inferencing of the data using informatics methods.

Advancing Clinico-Genomic Trials on Cancer Master Ontology

"The intention of the ACGT Master Ontology (MO) is to represent the domain of cancer research and management in a computationally tractable manner. The ACGT MO is built being maintained, using the Protégé-OWL free open-source ontology editor, Version 4. It is written in OWL-DL and presented as an .owl file. The ACGT MO is re-using Basic Formal Ontology (BFO) as upper level and the OBO Relation Ontology."

International Classification of Childhood Cancer

"The classification of childhood cancer is based on tumor morphology and primary site with an emphasis on morphology rather than the emphasis on primary site for adults.
In the ICCC, there are certain combinations of histologies, behaviors, and/or sites that are not considered in the schema, and for these we have added a group for unknown ICCC, which includes in situ tumors and some malignant tumors. Therefore, when we produce all sites based on ICCC, we will exclude these cases."