381 Commerce (Trade)

Bokbasen Thesaurus

Bokbasen har en hierarkisk tesaurus med kontrollerte frittstående emneord. Tesaurusen ble etablert på 1980-tallet, og blir kontinuerlig vedlikeholdt og videreutviklet av Bokbasens katalogavdeling. Filen inneholder de fem hovedkategoriene emner, form, sjanger, tid og sted, på bokmål og nynorsk.

Bokbasen has a hierarchical thesaurus with controlled free-standing keywords. The thesaurus was established in the 1980s, and is continuously maintained and further developed by Bokbasen's catalog department. The file contains the five main categories of topics, form, genre, time and place, in Bokmål and Nynorsk.

Gale Marketing Thesaurus

The Gale Marketing Thesaurus is a subset of the master Gale Business Thesaurus in the narrower domain of marketing. This includes terms related to sales, consumers, merchandizing, distribution, packaging, buying and selling, product development and introduction, and types of retailers. Marketing terms pertaining to specific types of products or industries are included. This thesaurus does not include terms dealing with advertising, which are in the Gale Advertising Thesaurus instead. All thesaural relationships (BT/NT, RT, USE/UF) are included, and some terms have scope notes.

Gale Commerce Thesaurus

The Gale Commerce Thesaurus is a subset of the master Gale Business Thesaurus in the narrower domain of the exchange of goods or commodities between different countries, or between different regions of the same country. This includes terms related to international trade, exports, imports, tariffs, balance of trade, free trade and protection, customs administration, interstate commerce, freight, shipping, trucking, commercial aviation, commercial policy, and commercial treaties. All thesaural relationships (BT/NT, RT, USE/UF) are included, and some terms have scope notes.

ETIM Classification

"Product classification is simply a logical, unambiguous classification (taxonomy) of products in different product classes (categories), designed so that anyone within the sector can communicate about those products without misunderstandings. The ETIM model gives a listing of the most important technical characteristics of each product class to describe and find the products. Each class has several synonyms, thereby finding the right product is much easier for everyone! (...) Uniform product classification in itself is not a final product as it is.

Combined Nomenclature

"The Combined Nomenclature is the goods classification used within the EU for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General 'Taxation and Customs Union' of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is maintained by Eurostat for the statistical aspects and by Taxation and Customs Union DG for the tariff aspects. The classification is based on the Harmonized System (HS) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Terminologia del comerç electrònic

"Aquest diccionari recull gairebé tres-cents termes amb les denominacions i la definició en català i amb els equivalents en castellà, francès i anglès. Es tracta de termes d’ús habitual en aquesta nova variant del comerç, que ja ocupa un lloc remarcable entre els nostres hàbits de consum. Es tracta de la versió en línia de la Terminologia del comerç electrònic, diccionari elaborat l'any 2005 pel TERMCAT en col·laboració amb el Govern d'Andorra i amb especialistes procedents de l'àmbit universitari, empresarial i de l'Administració."

"This dictionary contains almost three hundred names and terms with the Catalan definition and the equivalents in Spanish, French and English. These are terms commonly used in this new variant of the trade, which already ranks among remarkable our habits of consumption. This is the online version of the e-commerce terminology, dictionary TERMCAT made in 2005 in collaboration with the Government of Andorra and specialists from academia, business and Administration. "

Classificació catalana de productes per activitats

"Les classificacions estadístiques s'agrupen per tipologies temàtiques anomenades 'famílies', i les principals són les classificacions econòmiques (activitats econòmiques i productes) i les classificacions demogràfiques i socials (ocupacions, educació i sanitàries). (…) [Les] classificacions de productes (béns transportables o mercaderies i béns no transportables o serveis) categoritzen productes per tal d'elaborar estadístiques que els relacionin amb les operacions a què se sotmeten (producció, comerç exterior i transport)."

"The statistical classifications are grouped into typologies of family anomalies, principally economic classificacions (economic and product activitats) and demographic and social classifications (occupations, education and health). Products (transportable goods or merchandises and goods not transportable or stable) categorize productions per se to produce statistics that relate to the operations to which they are sotmeten (producció, comerç exterior i transport). "

North American Product Classification System

"In February 1999, the statistical agencies of Canada, Mexico, and the United States launched a joint multi-phase initiative (...) to develop a comprehensive demand-oriented product classification system to complement the new supply-oriented industry classification system introduced in 1997. The industry classification system is known as the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS); the product classification is known as the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS).