Technology

United States Patent Classification

"The USPC is a system for organizing all U.S. patent documents and many other technical documents into relatively small collections based on common subject matter. Each subject matter division in the USPC includes a major component called a class and a minor component called a subclass. A class generally delineates one technology from another. Subclasses delineate processes, structural features, and functional features of the subject matter encompassed within the scope of a class. Every class has a unique alphanumeric identifier, as do most subclasses.

International Patent Classification

"The International Patent Classification (IPC), established by the Strasbourg Agreement 1971, provides for a hierarchical system of language independent symbols for the classification of patents and utility models according to the different areas of technology to which they pertain.
The IPC divides technology into eight sections with approximately 70,000 subdivisions. Each subdivision has a symbol consisting of Arabic numerals and letters of the Latin alphabet.

"The International Patent Classification (IPC), established by the Strasbourg Agreement 1971, provides for a hierarchical system of language independent symbols for the classification of patents and utility models according to the different areas of technology to which they pertain.
The IPC divides technology into eight sections with approximately 70,000 subdivisions. Each subdivision has a symbol consisting of Arabic numerals and letters of the Latin alphabet.

Derwent World Patents Index Classification System

"Companies often use different names for the same invention, and additional variation may be introduced when the patent application is translated into different languages. Also some keywords can appear in many different contexts within patent titles. For example the word 'valve' can be either mechanical or electrical. So a subject classification system is essential for effective patent searching.

"Companies often use different names for the same invention, and additional variation may be introduced when the patent application is translated into different languages. Also some keywords can appear in many different contexts within patent titles. For example the word 'valve' can be either mechanical or electrical. So a subject classification system is essential for effective patent searching.

Klassifikation therapeutischer Leistungen in der medizinischen Rehabilitation

"Die Klassifikation therapeutischer Leistungen (KTL) in der medizinischen Rehabilita­tion ist seit 1997 ein bewährtes Instrument zur Dokumentation der therapeutischen Leistungen in den Reha-Entlassungsberichten. Sie leistet einen wesentlichen Beitrag zur Qualitätssicherung der medizinischen Rehabilitation der Rentenversicherung sowie zur Weiterentwicklung der rehabilitativen Versorgungspraxis in Form von Reha-Leitlinien, die Handlungsempfehlungen zur Ausgestaltung von Therapien für definierte Patientengruppen geben."

"The classification of therapeutic services (CTD) in medical rehabilitation has been a tried and tested instrument for the documentation of the therapeutic services in the rehabilitation discharge reports since 1997. It contributes significantly to the quality assurance of the medical rehabilitation of the pension insurance as well as to the further development of the rehabilitative care practices Rehabilitation guidelines that provide recommendations for the treatment of therapies for defined patient groups. "

Systematik für Spitzen und Stickereien

"Umfang: Vier Hauptgruppen, stellenweise Untergruppen bis zur vierten Ebene. Ca. 150 Einträge. Diese Systematik listet die Arten von Spitzen und Stickereien (Produkten) in hoher Spezialisierung auf und gibt zu jedem Eintrag eine genaue Beschreibung."

"Scope: Four main groups, sub-groups up to the fourth level, about 150 entries This system lists the types of lace and embroidery (products) in high specialization and gives an exact description of each entry."

Systematik für die Techniken zur Herstellung von Spitzen und Stickereien

"Umfang: 20 Herstellungs-/Bearbeitungsarten werden angeboten auf der 1. Hierarchieebene. Einigen von ihnen sind auf der 2. Hierarchieebene weitere Einträge zugeordnet (insgesamt 10). Das Wortgut ist durchgängig adjektivisch. Gesamtzahl der Einträge: 30."

"Scope. 20 manufacturing / processing modes offered on the first hierarchical level Some of them are other businesses associated (10 in total) on the second level of the hierarchy, the word collection is consistently adjectival total number of entries:.. 30."

Gefässe und Formen

"Eine Typologie für Museen und Sammlungen. Umfang: 12 Grundformen von Gefässen sowie eine Hierarchiestufe unter diesen rangierende Formtypen. Die Formen sind durch umfangreiche Zeichnungen und Fotos visualisiert. Zu jeder dieser Formen werden in alphabetischer Reihenfolge zahlreiche konkrete Objektnamen aufgeführt, alle sind durch kurze charakterisierende Sätze beschrieben und jeweils durch ein Foto veranschaulicht."

"A typology for museums and collections: 12 basic shapes of vessels as well as a hierarchy of these types of forms, the forms are represented by extensive drawings and photographs, each of which is presented in alphabetical order with numerous concrete object names Phrases and each illustrated by a photo. "

European Classification System

"The European Classification System (ECLA) is an extension of the IPC and is used by the EPO. Both the IPC and ECLA are divided into eight sections, A-H, which in turn are sub-divided into classes, sub-classes, groups and sub-groups. There are approximately 135 000 classification entries in ECLA." "ECLA has been replaced by the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) as of January 1, 2013."

"The European Classification System (ECLA) is an extension of the IPC and is used by the EPO. Both the IPC and ECLA are divided into eight sections, A-H, which in turn are sub-divided into classes, sub-classes, groups and sub-groups. There are approximately 135 000 classification entries in ECLA." "ECLA has been replaced by the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) as of January 1, 2013."

Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System Classification

"WHMIS (Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System) uses classifications to group chemicals with similar properties or hazards. The Controlled Products Regulations specifies the criteria used to place materials within each classification. There are six (6) classes although several classes have divisions or subdivisions. Each class has a specific symbol to help people identify the hazard quickly."

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