Pure Science

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale

"The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 rating based on a hurricane's sustained wind speed. This scale estimates potential property damage. Hurricanes reaching Category 3 and higher are considered major hurricanes because of their potential for significant loss of life and damage. Category 1 and 2 storms are still dangerous, however, and require preventative measures. In the western North Pacific, the term 'super typhoon' is used for tropical cyclones with sustained winds exceeding 150 mph."

Optics Classification and Indexing Scheme

"OCIS provides a flexible, comprehensive classification system for all optical author input and user retrieval needs. OCIS has a two-level hierarchical structure containing 36 main headers and approximately 1100 subcategories. OSA authors, presenters, and reviewers use OCIS to classify and index journal articles, meeting abstracts and presentations, and areas of research interest and expertise."

Surface Water Classifications

"Surface Water Classifications are designations applied to surface water bodies, such as streams, rivers and lakes, which define the best uses to be protected within these waters (for example swimming, fishing, drinking water supply) and carry with them an associated set of water quality standards to protect those uses. Surface water classifications are one tool that state and federal agencies use to manage and protect all streams, rivers, lakes, and other surface waters in North Carolina.

Semantischer Netzwerk Service

"Der Semantische Netzwerk Service (SNS) des Umweltbundesamts bietet Unterstützung bei der Anwendung einer gemeinsamen Umwelt-Terminologie einschließlich der dort gebräuchlichen geographischen Namen.
SNS beinhaltet ein zweisprachiges fortlaufend aktualisiertes semantisches Netz (deutsch/englisch), das aus drei Komponenten besteht:
- Umweltthesaurus UMTHES mit über 55.000 untereinander vernetzten Begriffen (Deskriptoren und Nicht-Deskriptoren) plus 25.000 englischen Benennungen.

"The Semantic Network Service (SNS) of the Federal Environment Agency provides support for all questions concerning environmental terms including the common place names. (...) SNS contains a bi-lingual (German/English) semantic network which consists of three components:
- the Environmental Thesaurus UMTHES® with more than 50,000 inter-networked terms. (Descriptors and Non-Descriptors).
- the Geo-Thesaurus-Environment (GTU) with more than 25,000 geographic names and the spatial intersections of all these places.

Bioinformatics Web Services Ontology

"The Bioinformatics Web Services ontology (OBIws) is an ontology that extends the Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) to build an Ontology that supports consistent annotation of Bioinformatics Web services. We also consider reuse of terms available from the EMBRACE Data And Methods (EDAM) ontology. We follow a systematic methodology for enriching OBI with terms to support Web service Annotation. This process involves the design of ontology analysis diagrams for Web services and their subsequent analysis to discover terms that need to be added to the ontology.


"BioPAX is a standard language that aims to enable integration, exchange, visualization and analysis of biological pathway data. Specifically, BioPAX supports data exchange between pathway data groups and thus reduces the complexity of interchange between data formats by providing an accepted standard format for pathway data. It is an open and collaborative effort by the community of researchers, software developers, and institutions."


"The flood of data and factual knowledge in biology and medicine requires principled approaches to their proper analysis and management. A cornerstone in this effort constitutes the precise and complete description of the fundamental entities within this domain in terms of formal ontologies.

Thesaurus Ethik in den Biowissenschaften

"Der Thesaurus Ethik in den Biowissenschaften ist ein mehrsprachiges und kontrolliertes Indexierungs- und Recherchewerkzeug, das alle Teilbereiche der Bioethik erfasst. Mit Hilfe des Thesaurus ist es möglich, aktuelle Entwicklungen in dem heterogenen und multidisziplinären Feld der Bioethik adäquat darzustellen und einen Beitrag dazu zu leisten, die Literaturrecherche und Indexierung effizienter zu gestalten.

"The Thesaurus Ethics in the Life Sciences is a multilingual and controlled indexing and research tool that covers all areas of bioethics. With the help of the thesaurus, it is possible to present and contribute to current developments in the heterogeneous and multidisciplinary field of bioethics. The various functionalities of the thesaurus are geared primarily to the needs of the two most important target groups: researching users - both professionals and non-professionals - as well as librarian and documentary specialists who index bioethics literature and documents."